Alplai politics functions in the context of multiparty parliamentary democracy, frequently requiring coalition governments. The first “parties” were more like overlapping caucuses within the elected assembly of the early Konarai Commonwealth; these caucuses would then align with the parties being formed in other regions within the Concordance Consultative Assembly, and eventually lead to Konarai branches of said parties.
The Conversionists (gajanaat) were the first major party to form, first in the Kiitra Union and later among the more liberal-minded nobility of the Saakh Empire. The name comes from the desire of the party’s founders to “convert” or shift (gaja’on) the focus of political power from indirectly chosen executives to elected legislatures. While the Kiitra Conversionists managed to achieve their goals over time, city by city, their Saakh counterparts worked primarily in the Imperial Senate to implement reforms, first by persuading more moderate nobles to join them.
The Traditionalists (diirdeznaat) allied to oppose the Conversionists, favoring the relative stability of “traditional” oligarchical government, preferring that representative bodies remain in a consultative relationship with the ruling elite. As the Conversionists gained ground and democracy emerged, the Traditionalists adapted by critiquing their opponents and offering “strong leadership” to deal more effectively with specific issues.
The Egalitarians (ajaldraat) originally formed to campaign for expanding the elective franchise, leading the way towards universal adult suffrage. Later, their focus shifted to assuring individual liberties and minority rights. While rarely rising to lead a government outright, they often served as coalition partners for the Conversionists, thus achieving their goals through political negotiation and compromise.
The Radicals (ezrhadaat) advocate a program of decentralizing political power towards local-level government. Occasionally they would gain a plurality or majority in elected municipal councils, or by calling for referenda on particular issues. When they did participate in ruling coalitions, it was on condition that some form of devolution take place.
The Pragmatists (beluugaat) were created some five hundred years after the Concordance, a period of increasing industrialization and economic flux. During this time, both the Conversionists and Traditionalists became more extreme and intransigent in their views, leading to more independents being elected, and two small parties being formed by disaffected moderates. These parties and their independent colleagues would unite under the Pragmatist label, their ability to work across ideological barriers and achieve viable solutions making them a major force in Alplai politics. It was during the Pragmatist era that significant economic reforms took place, as well as ratification of the Concordance Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The closest parallel to a fascist or totalitarian party was the Hastakai, named for its leader Hasetak. Drawing on a simplistic understanding of Sadroshai teaching, they advocated a program of uniting the Baija people into a single state, purifying their culture of all external influence, reclaiming “lost” territories and gaining supremacy in world affairs. To achieve this, the Hastakai formed a political party which eventually took control of Bashrasiir, established a dictatorship under Hasetak’s rule, rescinded the political rights of women and minorities, expelled many ethnic Saakh from Bashrasiir, and attempted to overthrow the coalition government of Baaltisiir. It was this latter action which led to Hasetak’s downfall and the prosecution of many Hastakai officials for brutal crimes. The memory and history of this dark period also motivated many Alplai to push for reforms in electoral democracy and civil rights; many would also compare the anti-Terai attitudes of Alplai zon okhluu with the xenophobia of the Hastakai.
Other parties have emerged and faded over the centuries, often representing particular interests. Soon after the Terai settled in Totrana’s Eastern Sector, the majority of their active political leaders decided that the best way to assure adequate representation in the planet’s elected assembly was to form such a party (giinzeraat Terai).